Volume 2, Issue 5, September 2017, Page: 57-65
Statistical Wavelet Features, PCA, MLPNN, SVM and K-NN Based Approach for the Classification of EEG Physiological Signal
Manisha Chandani, Department of Electronics & Telecommunication, Bhilai Institute of Technology, Durg, India
Arun Kumar, Department of Electronics & Telecommunication, Bhilai Institute of Technology, Durg, India
Received: Sep. 9, 2017;       Accepted: Sep. 25, 2017;       Published: Nov. 5, 2017
DOI: 10.11648/j.ijimse.20170205.12      View  1476      Downloads  56
Abstract
Brain is the most complex organ amongst all the systems in human body. The study of the electrical signals produced by neural activities of human brain is called Electroencephalogram. Electroencephalogram (EEG) is a technique which is used to identify the neurological disorder of brain. Epilepsy is one of the most common neurological disorders of brain. Epilepsy needs to be detected efficiently using required EEG feature extraction such as: mean, standard deviation, median, entropy, kurtosis and skewness etc. The framework of proposed technique is an efficient EEG signal classification approach. The proposed approach is used to classify the EEG signal into two classes: epileptic seizure or not. Extraction of the features by applying Discrete Wavelet Transform (DWT) in order to decompose the EEG signals into sub-bands. These features, extracted from details and approximation coefficients of DWT sub-bands, are used as input to Principal Component Analysis (PCA). The classification is based on reducing the feature dimension using PCA and deriving the Support Vector Machine (SVM), neural network analysis (NNA) and k-nearest neighbour (K-NN). In classification of normal and epileptic, results obtained exhibited an accuracy of 100% by applying NNA and k-NN. It has been found that the computation time of NNA classifier is lesser than SVM and k-NN to provide 100% accuracy. So, the detection of an epileptic seizure based on DWT statistical features using NNA classifiers is more suitable in real time for a reliable, automatic epileptic seizure detection system to enhance the patient's care and the quality of life.
Keywords
Electroencephalogram (EEGs), Discrete Wavelet Transform (DWT), Principal Component Analysis (PCA), Neural Network Analysis (NNAs), K-Nearest Neighbour (k-NN), Support Vector Machine (SVM), Epileptic, Seizure
To cite this article
Manisha Chandani, Arun Kumar, Statistical Wavelet Features, PCA, MLPNN, SVM and K-NN Based Approach for the Classification of EEG Physiological Signal, International Journal of Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering. Vol. 2, No. 5, 2017, pp. 57-65. doi: 10.11648/j.ijimse.20170205.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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